HomeBeauty3 Factors that Lead to acne development on your skin

3 Factors that Lead to acne development on your skin


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3 Factors that Lead to acne development on your skin

The factors that contribute to acne are hyperactive sebaceous (oil) glands, abnormal cell regeneration, and rapid bacterial growth (proliferation).

Acne cannot exist without the presence of all three of these components.

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You might be shocked to learn that these variables have nothing to do with your diet or skincare regimen. This is so because your habits have no influence on acne, but rather uncertain factors like your genes do.

The three primary factors that lead to the development of acne will be the subject of this essay.

Why do people get acne?

Acne is regarded by many scientists as an inflammatory skin disorder.
Generally speaking, acne appears because your skin is predisposed to it. Because you either did or did not strive to prevent acne, you don’t have it.

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However, certain types of acne are caused by particular causes.

For instance, the relationship between hormones and cystic acne appears to be strong.

The use of skin care products can aid in the prevention of breakouts, but the use of the wrong product for your skin type or of products with irritants can have the opposite effect.

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According to research, stress, certain meals, and beverages, among other lifestyle variables, can promote acne.

However, none of these things actually start acne off in the first place.

What else may cause acne if these things don’t? In general, oil production, dead skin, and bacteria are the three main contributors to the development of acne.

Sebaceous Glands That Are Too Active

Blockages and blemishes are brought on by trapped oil inside the pore. 
Your skin has small glands called sebaceous glands.
They produce an oil known as sebum.

Its function is to lubricate your skin’s surface.

Your oil glands produce more sebum than is necessary if you are prone to acne. The sebaceous duct is blocked by the excess oil that remains in the pores.

A comedone is the name for the obstruction in the follicle.

Blackheads, inflammatory papules, and cystic breakouts are all forms of acne blemishes that originate from comedones (more than one comedone).

Various Sebum

According to certain studies, individuals with acne produce sebum that is different from that of individuals without the condition.

Sebum produced by acne sufferers has higher concentrations of wax esters and the fatty molecule squalene.

In comparison to those who don’t have acne, those who have acne may also have lower levels of free fatty acids and linoleic acid in their sebum.

The variations in the sebum may provide an environment where the bacteria that cause acne thrive, resulting in infected outbreaks.

Abnormal shedding of skin cells

The epidermis is the term for the top layer of skin. Through a process known as desquamation, this layer continuously loses dead skin cells. The skin renews and exfoliates itself in this manner.

The epidermis is made up of many layers.

The stratum germinativum, the deepest layer of the epidermis, is where new skin cells are produced.

The fresh cells gradually advance through the epidermal layers until they reach the stratum corneum, which is the topmost layer.

The cells are flat and dried out when they reach the stratum corneum. The cells are effectively “dead” at this point.

New skin cells that push up from underneath replace the dead skin cells that continue to slide away from the stratum corneum.

But if you have skin that is prone to acne, you should consider the desquamation procedure.

Lamellate Granules

Additionally, those who are prone to acne have fewer lamellar granules in their skin than others who are not.[1]

The stratum corneum’s cells contain lamellate granules. They exude enzymes that break down the glue holding cells together. 

Skin that is prone to acne sheds more dead skin cells than usual. Because they do not shed adequately, the cells remain in the follicle and obstruct it.


P. acnes, a kind of bacteria, is frequently seen on the skin.

Some acne sufferers have uncontrolled P. acnes population growth.

Dead skin cells and sebum block pores, making it impossible for oxygen to enter the pore.

An environment like this is known as anaerobic.

Some bacteria, such as P. acnes, flourish in anaerobic environments. Their population can increase swiftly in an obstruction. 

The bacteria produce fatty acid waste when they break down the oil that has been trapped in the hole. Redness and irritation are brought on by the waste irritating the pore’s lining.

In reaction to the inflammation, white blood cells pour into the orifice.

They create pus when they die by combining it with dead skin cells. This is what makes a zit seem like a whitehead.

P. acnes isn’t the sole bacterium that causes acne, according to experts. In contrast, it collaborates with other microorganisms to improve the skin.


There are three basic factors that lead to acne: excessive oil production, a failure to shed dead skin cells, and an overabundance of a certain type of bacteria. For acne to form, all three of these conditions must exist.

A person’s genetic makeup may also make them more prone to developing acne. Contrary to common belief, acne is not brought on by lifestyle choices like diet and skincare. They might make it worse, though.


You might be wondering why acne reasons including food, skincare regimen, and behaviors like touching your face weren’t included.

Prior to knowing better, we believed that these factors had a significant role in acne.

But even if your skin is prone to breakouts, there are still things you can do. Over-the-counter (OTC) acne treatments may be sufficient to clean up your skin if you have minor acne.

Make an appointment with a dermatologist, though, if OTC products haven’t worked for you or if your acne is severe or irritated. Acne can be treated with pharmaceutical drugs as well.

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