HomeHealthCare7 Treatments for Bacterial Vaginosis & What Causes It

7 Treatments for Bacterial Vaginosis & What Causes It


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Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common and uncomfortable condition that affects many women. It is caused by an overgrowth of certain types of bacteria in the vagina, resulting in symptoms such as itching, burning, discharge, and odor.

Fortunately, there are several treatments for Bacterial Vaginosis that can help relieve symptoms and prevent future infections.

In this blog post, we will discuss the causes of Bacterial Vaginosis and seven different treatments for it. We will also provide advice on how to prevent Bacterial Vaginosis in the future.

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What is bacterial vaginosis?

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common vaginal infection caused by an imbalance of the normal bacteria found in the vagina. It is often referred to as a “silent” infection because it typically does not cause any visible symptoms, but can still lead to discomfort and serious health problems.

BV can be caused by several factors including having multiple sexual partners, douching, and having a weakened immune system.

The most common symptom of BV is a fishy odor that is more noticeable after sexual intercourse. Other symptoms may include burning during urination, itching, and an abnormal gray-white discharge.

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While BV can occur in any woman of any age, it is most common among those who are sexually active. If left untreated, BV can increase the risk of developing other sexually transmitted infections, pelvic inflammatory disease, and other complications, such as preterm birth or infertility.

It is important to visit your doctor for diagnosis and treatment if you are experiencing any of the symptoms of BV. Treatment typically includes a course of antibiotics or other medications.

What are the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis?

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common type of vaginal infection that is caused by an overgrowth of bacteria in the vagina. BV can cause a range of symptoms, including:

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• Unpleasant or strong-smelling discharge from the vagina

• Itching and irritation around the vagina

Burning sensation during urination

• Painful sex

• Unusual vaginal discharge (grayish-white, yellow, or green)

If you have any of these symptoms, it’s important to contact your doctor right away so they can diagnose and treat the infection.

Untreated BV can lead to serious health complications, such as an increased risk of getting sexually transmitted infections and pelvic inflammatory disease.

Causes of Bacterial Vaginosis?

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is an infection of the vagina caused by an imbalance of bacteria. It can cause uncomfortable symptoms, such as itching, burning, and an unpleasant odor.

The exact cause of BV is unknown but some factors are thought to contribute to it, such as:

  • Having multiple sexual partners or a new sexual partner
  • Using perfumed soaps, scented tampons, or bubble baths
  • Using an intrauterine device (IUD) for birth control
  • Having a weakened immune system

It is important to note that BV is not caused by poor hygiene. In fact, over-washing or scrubbing the vagina can actually disrupt the balance of good bacteria and lead to BV.

Treatment for BV

While the exact cause of BV is not known, there are several treatments available to help treat the infection and reduce symptoms.

1) Antibiotics

Antibiotics are one of the most common treatments for bacterial vaginosis. They can be taken orally or as a vaginal suppository. Common antibiotics prescribed by doctors for bacterial vaginosis include

  • metronidazole
  • clindamycin

When prescribed orally, antibiotics should be taken for seven days. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should not take metronidazole because it can be passed to the baby. In this case, a doctor may prescribe clindamycin instead.

Vaginal suppositories are another form of treatment for bacterial vaginosis. They can be inserted directly into the vagina for up to seven days and may be more effective than oral antibiotics.

However, women should not use suppositories if they are allergic to any of the ingredients.

It is important to finish the course of antibiotics, even if the symptoms have disappeared. This will ensure that the infection has been fully cleared.

Furthermore, some women may experience side effects such as nausea, abdominal pain, and headacheswhile taking antibiotics. If these side effects become severe, women should speak with their doctor.

2) Probiotics

Probioticsare live microorganisms found in certain foods and supplements. They are believed to promote a healthy balance of bacteria in the body and have been shown to be beneficial for bacterial vaginosis.

When taken orally, probiotics may help to reduce symptoms of BV such as itching, burning, and a fishy odor. Probiotics can also be used vaginally by inserting them into the vagina in the form of tablets or suppositories.

It is important to ensure that the probiotics you take contain “friendly” bacteria such as Lactobacillus. A doctor or pharmacist can help you find the right type of probiotics for your condition.

It is also important to note that the benefits of probiotics for BV may not be seen immediately, but may take up to two months for any positive effects to become noticeable.

3) Tea Tree Oil

Tea tree oil is a centuries-old treatment for bacterial vaginosis and can be found in the leaves of the native tree Melaleuca alternifolia, or tea tree. Tea tree oil, with its antimicrobial, antiseptic, and anti-inflammatory properties, is an appealing treatment option for BV.

To use tea tree oil to treat bacterial vaginosis, you can either mix a few drops in water, dilute it in a carrier oil such as coconut oil and apply it to the area of infection.

Alternatively, you can mix it in with warm water and take a bath for 15-20 minutes. It’s important to note that while tea tree oil is beneficial in some areas of the body, it should not be ingested or placed in one’s eyes or ears.

If you’re going to use tea tree oil as part of your treatment plan for bacterial vaginosis, make sure that it’s under the guidance of a qualified doctor, because although tea tree oil may have benefits, it also has the potential to cause skin irritation and allergic reactions.

4) Garlic

Garlic has been used for centuries as an effective home remedy for a variety of ailments, including bacterial vaginosis.

Garlic is known to have powerful antibiotic and antimicrobial properties which make it useful in treating and preventing BV.

Garlic can be eaten raw or boiled and used in tea. Research has shown that garlic can reduce the levels of harmful bacteria associated with BV, as well as the inflammation caused by the infection.

When using garlic for treatment, you may want to peel and crush a few cloves, then steep them in hot water for about 10 minutes.

Drink this mixture twice daily for the best results. Additionally, you can add some crushed garlic cloves to your meals.

Although garlic is generally safe to use, if you experience any irritation or discomfort when consuming it, discontinue use and consult your doctor.

Additionally, keep in mind that garlic may interact with certain medications, so be sure to check with your doctor if you are taking any medications.

5) Cranberry Juice

Cranberry juice is a popular remedy for bacterial vaginosis. While it’s not the most potent or effective treatment, it can help reduce some symptoms of BV. Cranberry juice is rich in vitamins and antioxidants, which can help boost the immune system and promote overall health.

The active ingredient in cranberry juice is called hippuric acid. This acid helps to reduce the pH levels in the vagina, which makes it harder for bacteria to thrive.

It also has antibacterial properties, which can help reduce harmful bacteria in the vagina and balance healthy bacteria.

It is recommended to drink one glass of cranberry juice daily, preferably organic and unsweetened. You may also want to try adding other natural ingredients like lemon juice or honey to enhance the flavor and make it more enjoyable to drink.

Additionally, you can make a homemade cranberry tea by combining cranberries with other herbs like rosemary or ginger. This can be consumed as a hot or cold beverage and may help to reduce the symptoms of BV.

6) Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar is a natural remedy for bacterial vaginosis and other infections. It is made from the fermentation of apple juice, which produces acetic acid as its main active ingredient.

Acetic acid is known to have anti-microbial properties, which can be used to fight off bacteria and other pathogens that cause infection.

In one study, apple cider vinegar was found to have strong antimicrobial activity against many common bacteria, including those that are responsible for BV.

This suggests that apple cider vinegar could be used to treat BV, as it has the potential to kill off the infection-causing bacteria.

When it comes to treating BV with apple cider vinegar, there are two main approaches:

Drinking it or douching with it.

  • For drinking, dilute a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar in 8 ounces of water and drink it twice daily.
  • To use it for douching, mix one part vinegar with four parts water and then use it for douching the vagina twice daily.

It is important to note that while apple cider vinegar may be effective at treating bacterial vaginosis, it is not recommended for long-term use.

Additionally, using it in high concentrations may irritate your skin, so it is important to always dilute it before using it for douching.

7) Dietary Changes

Making dietary changes can help improve the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis and prevent its recurrence.

Eating more fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and healthy fats can support the health of your vaginal microbiota.

In addition, reducing your intake of processed foods, refined sugars, and animal proteins may be beneficial. It is also important to make sure you are drinking plenty of water and getting adequate sleep.

Fermented foods such as yogurt, kefir, and sauerkraut contain probiotics, which are beneficial bacteria that can help to restore balance in your vaginal microbiome. Eating probiotic-rich foods may help to reduce the risk of recurrent bacterial vaginosis.

Additionally, some studies have suggested that avoiding douching or using fragranced products on the vulva may help reduce the risk of recurrence.

Finally, incorporating a variety of herbs into your diet may help to support the health of your vaginal microbiota.

For example, consuming herbs such as chamomile, goldenseal, and oregano may help to improve symptoms associated with bacterial vaginosis. Talk to your healthcare provider about incorporating these herbs into your diet.

In conclusion, making dietary changes can help reduce the risk of recurrent bacterial vaginosis and improve your overall vaginal health. Eating a balanced diet rich in probiotics, vegetables, and whole grains, while limiting processed foods and refined sugars can help to restore balance in your vaginal microbiome.

Additionally, adding a variety of herbs into your diet may help to support the health of your vagina.

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