HomeHealthCareWhy do I have a Headache? Causes, types, and Remedies

Why do I have a Headache? Causes, types, and Remedies


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Why do I have a headache? Having a headache is not necessarily a sign of a serious medical condition. Headaches are brought about by chemical activity in the brain, in the nerves or blood vessels surrounding the skull, in the head and neck muscles, or by a combination of these factors. Additionally, some people may have genes that increase their risk of getting headaches. Most people will encounter headaches at some point in their lives. In this post, we will answer the question: why do I have a headache?

Causes of headache

  • emotional conditions including anxiety, despair, or stress can lead to headaches
  • medical conditions including anxiety, discomfort, or stress
  • during the menstrual period
  • constipation may also result in a headache
  • hunger
  • sleepless nights insomnia

The quality of life might be negatively impacted by frequent or severe headaches. You can take the proper action if you can identify the sort of headache you are experiencing and the factors causing it. Let’s look at the types of headaches and their symptoms, and the possible remedies to treat them.

Types of Headache.

There are many different types of headaches, including:

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Headache as a result of tension (TTH)

Most people suffer from this type of headache, which is the most common type. Muscle contraction headache was the previous name for tension-type headaches. It is connected to the jaw, face, and neck muscles. This typically happens as a result of tension in your body resulting in muscle contraction.

You may experience a tension-type headache if you show these signs:

  • you feel like there’s a tight band around your head.
  • a continuous, dull headache is present on both sides.
  • the pain spreads from or to the neck

Chronic or recurrent tension-type headaches are both possible. Even though they can extend for several days, episodic attacks typically last for a few hours.

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Tension-type headaches are regarded as chronic when they happen 15 or more days per month for at least three months.


This type of headache is characterized by a throbbing, pounding feeling in the head. Although it may swap sides, it frequently happens on one side of the head.

The following are the episodes you might experience when you have a migraine-type headache.

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  • lightheartedness
  • sensory alterations, such as altered eyesight, which is referred to as an aura.
  • intolerance to sound or light
  • nausea and maybe vomiting

After TTH, migraines are the most common type of the main headache. They may have a big effect on people’s quality of life. When ignored or unsuccessfully managed, a migraine attack may last for 4ā€“72 hours. Although the number of episodes per month can vary widely, most people experience two to four migraine attacks per month.

Medication overuse headache (MOH)

This type of headache is also known as a rebound headache. Medication-misuse headaches affect people who take painkillers for headaches too frequently. Medication overuse headaches are common in people with primary headache conditions like migraine. These may result in more frequent and more severe migraine attacks. The drugs worsen headaches and make them more frequent and intense, rather than reducing symptoms. Taking opiate-based drugs, such as those containing codeine or morphine, frequently leads to MOHs.

Medication overuse headache is characterized by:

  • a stiff neck
  • restlessness
  • nasal congestion feeling
  • decreased quality of sleep

Individual differences exist in the location, severity, and frequency of MOHs, although they are frequently present upon waking up and happen daily or nearly daily.

Medication overuse headache can result in pain that ranges from being mild like a tension headache to being more intense like a migraine headache.

Cluster headache

These headaches can happen one to eight times per day and often last between 15 minutes and three hours. For four to twelve weeks, cluster headaches may occur often before going away. They often occur every day at about the same hour. The person may not experience any symptoms in between the clusters. These times of remission could extend for months or even years.

In the area around or behind the eye on one side of the face, cluster headaches frequently cause brief but intense pain. Other facial regions may experience a spread of this pain.

Symptoms of a cluster headache include:

  • wet or red eyes
  • swelling or drooping eyelids
  • runny or clogged nose
  • one eye with a narrower, more constrictive pupil
  • forehead perspiration

Thunderclap headache

People frequently characterize these abrupt, acute headaches as the worst headaches of their life. They gradually dissipate over several hours after reaching their peak strength in between 30 and 60 seconds.

A secondary headache known as a “thunderclap headache” may lead to a sign of a serious illness like:

  • the aneurysm
  • cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome with reversibility
  • meningitis
  • apraxia of the pituitary
  • bleeding inside the skull (hemorrhage)
  • clot in the brain’s blood

People who suffer from these sudden, severe headaches should see a doctor right away.

Treatment to manage Headache

The basic treatments for headaches are adequate Rest and Painkillers.

Other Options include:

Prescribe Pain Relievers

Over-the-counter pain relievers such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, preventive medication for specific illnesses like migraines, and various treatments for underlying disorders

Home Remedies For Managing Headache

Certain home pain management techniques can lessen or avoid headaches.

  • Place a heat or ice pack on the head or neck, but avoid temperatures that are too high when applying them, and never put ice on the skin directly. Cold and warm applications help to relieve pain. Having a cold bath relaxes muscles to relieve you of pain.
  • Avoid stressors and, in the event that stress cannot be avoided, find an appropriate coping way of coping with stress.
  • Eating consistently and taking steps to keep blood sugar levels stable because hungry triggers headaches
  • Get enough rest and sleep by sticking to a schedule and making the bedroom calm, dark, and chilly
  • Regular exercise improves general health and reduces stress.
  • Limiting alcohol consumption, consuming lots of water, and taking breaks to stretch and avoid eye strain while working


At least once in your life, you may get a headache. Although they are typically not a problem, some headaches can be so severe and incapacitating that they interfere with everyday life.

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